Tag: kubernetes

  • Automate SSL/TLS Certificates for Kubernetes and Istio with Cert Manager

    It’s been a lot easier nowadays to turn on full site SSL/TLS encryption with an ACME issuer such as the popular non-profit Let’s Encrypt which I’ve started using it a few months ago. However the free certificates from Let’s Encrypt are only valid for 90 days and I have been notified to renew them already. […]

  • Grant a Service Account an IAM Role in AWS/GCP

    How to grant a pod running in a Kubernetes cluster necessary permissions to access cloud resources such as S3 buckets? The most straight forward approach is to save some API key in the pod and use it to authenticate against cloud APIs. If the cluster is running inside the cloud, an IAM role can then […]

  • TLS Full Site Encryption with Istio and Let’s Encrypt

    These are steps to easily install TLS certs to a Kubernetes cluster with Istio service mesh as ingress controller, provided by Let’s Encrypt‘s awesome certbot. Installation of the certbot (on Ubuntu Linux 20.04LTS) The certbot can be install via snap on Ubuntu Linux By default certbot needs to write to system directories which I thought […]

  • A Kubernetes ClusterSecret

    No, at this moment ClusterSecret, unlike ClusterRole, doesn’t officially exist in any version of Kubernetes yet. I’ve seen some discussion like this, so looks like it will be a while to have a ClusterSecret. But why do I need a ClusterSecret in the first place? The reason is very simple: To be DRY. Imagine I […]

  • Hello World, Grafana Tanka

    I liked YAML a lot, until it gets longer and longer, and even longer. There are tools to make YAML ‘DRY’, the popular ones are Helm and Kustomize. But none of them can say it got the job done. To be honest, I didn’t like Helm much from the start. Helm uses templating syntax similar […]

  • Rebuild a Kubernetes Node Without Downtime

    When I built the in-house Kubernetes cluster with Raspberry PIs, I followed the kubeadm instructions and installed Raspberry PI OS on the PIs. It was all good except the RPI OS is 32-bit. Now I want to install a Ubuntu 20.04 Server ARM64 on this PI, below are steps with which I rebuilt the node […]

  • OpenSSL Commands to Verify TLS Certs in Kubernetes Secrets

    Sometimes a TLS cert deployed into a Kubernetes cluster in a Secret doesn’t work as expected. Here are some handy commands to verify the certs. The sample commands work for Istio Ingressgateway, but should be adapted to other CNIs without huge efforts. Commands to verify the cert served by your web-app Commands to verify the […]

  • Fixed: Duplicated Cluster IPs in a Kubernetes Cluster

    A Cluster IP is an IP address allocated in the cluster’s virtual LAN, usually allocated to Kubernetes Services. As a user nobody should care about which cluster IP a service would get because we will use the service-name.namespace-name DNS name which will map to that IP automatically. In my case, some services in a GKE […]