笔记:几个网络术语

1,DMZ

我的翻译:

(发音就是单独字母的读音)是demilitarized zone的缩写,指电脑或子网位于信任的内部网,例如公司局域网,和非信任的网络例如互联网。
典型例子是,DMZ包含供互联网访问的设备,例如网站、文件服务、邮件服务和域名解析服务等。
此来源是军方应用,意为2组敌军之间的缓冲地带。

原文参考:

(pronounced as separate letters) Short for demilitarized zone, a computer or small subnetwork that sits between a trusted internal network, such as a corporate private LAN, and an untrusted external network, such as the public Internet.
Typically, the DMZ contains devices accessible to Internet traffic, such as Web (HTTP ) servers, FTP servers, SMTP (e-mail) servers and DNS servers.

The term comes from military use, meaning a buffer area between two enemies.

2,NTP

这个简单:Network Time Protocol

参考链接:

http://ntp.isc.org/bin/view/Main/DocumentationIndex

3,WINS

似乎没什么用了吧,MS的小家碧玉。WINS=Windows Internet Name Service。一个解析NetBios到IP的服务。NetBios是啥来着?

4,Snort

译文:

Snort是一个开源的网络入侵阻止与检测系统。系统使用的是一种结合签名、协议以及异常监测等好处的规则驱使语言。到目前具有上千万的下载,Snort已经是世界范围内最广泛应用入侵检测和阻止技术,并且已成为实际的工业标准。

参考原文:

Snort® is an open source network intrusion prevention and detection system utilizing a rule-driven language, which combines the benefits of signature, protocol and anomaly based inspection methods. With millions of downloads to date, Snort is the most widely deployed intrusion detection and prevention technology worldwide and has become the de facto standard for the industry.

5,BOOTP

译文:

Bootstrap Protocol 的缩写,一个允许无盘工作站了解到自己的IP地址、BOOTP服务器的IP地址然后装载一个文件到内存以引导系统。此协议使无盘工作站的引导成为可能。此协议由RFC951定义。

参考原文:

Short for Bootstrap Protocol, an Internet protocol that enables a diskless workstation to discover its own IP address, the IP address of a BOOTP server on the network, and a file to be loaded into memory to boot the machine. This enables the workstation to boot without requiring a hard or floppy disk drive. The protocol is defined by RFC 951.

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